Ransomware is a refined piece of malware that blocks the victim’s access to their files, and the only way to regain access to the files is to pay a ransom.
In other words, ransomware Ransomware is a form of malware software that locks up the files on your computer, encrypts them, and demands that you pay to get your files back. When a system is infected, a pop-up window appears, prompting you to pay to recover all your files within three days, with a countdown timer on the left of the window.if you fail to pay within that time, the fee will be doubled, and if you don’t pay within seven days, you will lose the files forever. Payment is accepted only with Bitcoin.
How is Ransomware Spread?
Ransomware spreads easily when it encounters unpatched or outdated software. It is spread by an internet worm — software that spreads copies of itself by hacking into other computers on a network, rather than the usual case of prompting unsuspecting users to open attachments. Cyber attack is carried by the tool which is stolen by the National Security Agency(NSA) of the united states.
How to prevent from Ransomware?
The best way to prevent from ransomware is to take regular backup of your files on the computer.The virus only affects files which exist on the computer. If you have the backup of your files and your computer is getting infected with ransomware than just clean your computer and remove all software and files and reinstall all software and restore all files from backup.
Other precaution like regularly updating your anti-virus program, enabling pop-up blocker, updating all software time to time, avoid opening suspicious attachment can prevent your computer to get infected with malware.